Vinyl / Ambla
Coloured grained plastic with knitted thick cotton backing, allowing it to stretch well in all directions.
Introduced in early 1960’s and used for seating and general trim work.
High Frequency (HF) emboss welds very well.
Ambla is a ICI trade name.
Coloured lightly grained plastic with a thin woven cotton backing. As a result it does not stretch very easily.
Rexine is a thinner earlier type of leather cloth, similar to book binding material.
Used for covering trim panels, making piping and for carpet edge binding.
Rexine is no longer available and was gradually superseded by leather cloth.
Leathercloth / Vynide
Coloured grained plastic with thin woven cotton backing, meaning does not stretch very well.
HF emboss welds, but can cause problems, so is not recommended for this purpose.
Gradually took over from Rexine and was used for seating, general trim work, making piping, hidem and carpet edge binding.
Vynide is a ICI trade name.
A thin, coloured and grained un-supported plastic which was used for trim panels when HF embossed welded patterns were introduced on interior panels.
It HF welded very well, and was cheap but was not as strong as vinyl or leather cloth.
It was introduced in the early 1960’s.
It should be noted that often all or some of the materials above were
used by some manufacturers in the same car on different panels / areas.